Bacteria, Circumcision and HIV. Oh my!

Basically every place on our bodies is loaded with bacteria. All of these communities are important (I’ve written about some of the ways before) and more and more research seems to be finding that our microbes play an active role in fighting (or causing) disease.

So maybe it’s obvious that microbes in our swimsuit areas could be involved in sexually transmitted disease. OK, maybe not “obvious” but it may be the case with HIV and the penis microbiota. Did you know that circumcision reduces the rate of HIV transmission to men by 50 – 60%? That’s a pretty significant reduction (no pun intended). There are two major (and non-mutually exclusive) hypotheses as to how circumcision accomplishes this – morphological and bacterial. [SIDENOTE: if you are unfamiliar with the technical aspects of circumcision, I suggest Wikipedia – which has a lot of information but contains an image or two that may not be safe for work – or this Mayo Clinic site.]   

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